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排球术语中英对照(上下)- -  

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3-meter line ☆ FIVB 国 际 排 球 联 合 会

Asian Volleyball Confederation 亚 洲 排 球 联 合 会

service zone 发 球 区

front zone/attack area 进 攻 区

attack line 进 攻 线

antenna 标 志 杆

net 球 网

post 网 柱

cable 挂 网 的 网 绳

scorekeeper 记 分 员

player's position 运 动 员 位 置


☆ the libero player 自 由 人
☆ back row player 后 排 队 员
☆ substitutes 替 补 运 动 员
☆ covering player 保 护 队 员
☆ rotation 轮 转 , 轮 转 换 位
☆ warm up 准 备 活 动 ( 热 身 )
☆ line up 队 形
☆ penalize 处 罚 , 犯 规
☆ injured player 受 伤 的 队 员
☆ back line offence /back row attack 后 排 进 攻
☆ back pass 背 传
☆ backward flight 背 飞
☆ back up 后 排 保 护
☆ block 拦 网
☆ block point 拦 网 得 分
☆ chance ball 机 会 球
☆ close set 近 网 传 球
☆ combination block 集 体 拦 网
☆ consecutive passes 连 续 传 球

n. the attack line. 三米线。
4-2X
n. an offense with four spikers and two setters. The setters are spikers when they are in the front row, and setters when they are in the back row. 四二配备,后排二传手组织,前排二传手参与进攻。
5-1X
n. an offense with five spikers and one setter. 五一配备。
6-2X
n. an offense with four spikers and two setters. The setters are setters when they are in the front row, and defenders when they are in the back row.六二配备,后排二传手防守,前排二传手组织。
10-foot line
n. the attack line. A slight misnomer since the line is actually 3 meters from the center line. 前排线(即三米线),因为它正好是十个脚掌的长。
ace
n. a service ace. 发球直接得分。
antenna
n. a flexible rod that rises above the net to delineate the sideline boundary. The antenna is considered part of the net and is out of bounds.标志竿,碰标志竿或出标志竿都被认为是出界。

assist
n. awarded when a player passes, sets, or digs the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill. 接应者。

attack
n. the attempt by one team to terminate the play by hitting the ball to the floor on the opponent's side. The term refers to an individual effort or a combined team offensive pattern. 进攻,把球打到对方场地。

attack angle
n. the direction of a spiker's approach to a set ball and the imaginary path of the spike across the net if hit in the same line as the approach angle. 攻击角。

attack approach
n. the accelerating running movement of a spiker, usually involving three or four steps, to the point where the spiker jumps to hit the ball.进攻路线。

attack error
n. results when an attacker hits the ball out of bounds, is stuffed by the opposing blockers, hits the ball into the antenna, is called for an illegal contact, hits the ball down on his side of the net, touches the net, or is called for a line violation.进攻失误。

attack percentage
n. a statistic used to determine a player or team's attack effectiveness, defined as (kills - attack errors)/attack attempts. A negative attack percentage is possible (if there are more errors than kills).进攻成功率,(成功-失误)/进攻次数。

attacker
n. A player who attempts to hit a ball offensively with the purpose of terminating the play in his team's favor. 进攻者。

attack line
n. a line three meters from, and parallel to, the net. A back-row player cannot legally attack the ball above the net unless he takes off on his jump from behind this line. See also 10-foot line, 3-meter line. 三米线。

auxiliary setter
n. the player assigned to set when the designated setter cannot, usually the right-front player. 接应二传(通常是站在二号位的球员)。

back one
n. a low, quick set behind the setter. 背快。

back row
n. the three players whose court position, according to the official scorekeeper, is near the baseline. 后排。

back set
n. a set delivered behind the setter. 背后的战术(二传手把球传到背后)。

back slide
n. a quick slide behind the setter. 背飞。


ball handling error
n. charged when a player is called for mishandling the ball (usually a lift or a double hit) while digging or setting. 垫球失误(垫飞或连击)。

baseline
n. the back boundary of the court. See also endline. 后场出界线。

beach dig
n. an overhead dig characterized by using open hands, fingers straight but together, either with thumbs alongside each other or the front of one hand pressed against the back of the other hand. It is often executed with a pushing motion.上手传球。(用二传手的手法接发球或救球)

block
n. 1. the combination of one, two, or three players jumping in front of the opposing spiker and contacting the spiked ball with the hands. v. 2. the action of stopping or slowing a spiked ball with the hands above the net. 拦网。

block attempt
n. the action of blocking without touching the ball.拦网未触球。

block error
n. charged when the blocker touches the net, or is called for a line violation, illegal contact, back row block, or reaching over the net. 拦网失误(触网,后排队员拦网,过线等)

block solo
n. awarded when one player blocks the ball into the opponent's court for a point of side-out. That player is the only blocker attempting to block the ball. 单人拦网。

blocker(s)
n. the player(s) responsible for blocking the opponent's attack.拦网的队员。

block shadow
n. the shadow of the block. 拦网封死的范围。

break
n. an abrupt change of direction in the attacker's approach.进攻路线突然改变。

break point
n. the spot where the attacker changes direction. 路线改变的地点。

broad jump
n. a forward jump in the attacker's approach. 预跳。

center line
n. the line which lies in the plane of the net and extends from sideline to sideline, dividing the court.中线。

collapse
n. a defensive posture where a defensive player sits over one heel while playing a ball and rolls on his back. Used to play balls close to the floor and to cushion hard spikes during retrieval attempts, this skill is also known as a half roll. 翻滚救球。

combination
n. an offensive play that includes two or more players who attack in concert. 组合,多人配合。

commit
n. a blocking scheme in which one player, usually the middle blocker, jumps with, and attempts to stuff, the quick attacker. 三号位单人拦快攻。

control block
n. a block attempt that deflects and slows down a spiked ball so the back-row defenders can easily play it.有效拦网。

cover the hitter
v. to perform spike coverage.保护(准备救被拦的球)。

creep
v. to move stealthily so as to escape notice.悄悄移动。

cross
n. 1. a combination in which the path of one attacker crosses the path of another. 2. cross-court. 交叉。

cross-court
n., adj. an individual attack directed at an angle from one end of the offensive team's side of the net to the opposite sideline of the defensive team's court.进攻角度。

cross step
n. a footwork pattern designed to allow a player to move quickly to a correct, balanced precontact position in either forearm or overhead passing. 交叉步。

deep
adj. away from the net, toward the endline.离网。

defensive system
n. a team tactical system of deploying players to positions to defend against an opponent's attack. An effective system deploys players in the areas most likely to be attacked and takes the strengths and weaknesses of the individual defenders into account. 防守阵型。

dig
n. 1. the act of retrieving an attacked ball close to the floor. 2. Awarded when a player successfully passes a ball which has been attacked by the opposition. 救球。

dink
n., v. slang for tip.轻吊。

dive
n., v. a defensive retrieval technique in which a player extends for a ball near the floor, causing both feet to leave the floor. The player contacts the ball with one or both arms and slides on the abdomen and thighs.鱼跃救球。

double block
n., v. a block formed by two players.双人拦网。

double contact
n. contacting the ball twice in succession, or the ball contacts various parts of the body successively.连击。

double hit
n. a double contact.连击。

dump
n. 1. a ball that has been attacked by the setter on the second contact -v. 2. to attack the ball on the second contact -interj. 3. an exclamation made by a player to inform his teammates that the setter is attacking the ball.二次进攻。

extension roll
n. a defensive retrieval technique similar to a dive, except that after contacting the ball with either one or two arms, the player turns as the body contacts the floor and rolls as the momentum of the movement carries the feet over the shoulder, returning the player to his or her feet.翻滚救球。

fake cross
n. a play that starts as a cross but changes the direction of its play-set hitter with a veer. 交叉进攻。

fake X
n. a play in which the right fake-crosses the one-hitter and then attacks to the right of the setter. 双快(扣球手为二号位队员)

five
n. a medium-height set on the right sideline.2.5传球

flair
n. a play in which the right fake-crosses the one-hitter, and then attacks on the right sideline. 三号位快球掩护拉开到二号位

float serve
n. a floater. 飘球。

floater
n. a serve that moves in an unpredictable path due to lack of spin. 不带旋转的飘球。

floor defense
n. any retrieval of an attacked ball that gets by the block.有效拦网后的地面防守。

follow
n. to move with, and then block, an attacker, often changing positions with another blocker in the process. 跟进战术。

follower
n. the outside blocker who crosses the commit-blocker. 跟进的队员。

forearm pass
n. one of the six basic volleyball skills. It is a ball-handling skill that a player uses to legally contact the ball at a level below the waist using the forearms as the contact surface. See also bump. 上手传球。

four
n. a shoot that is attacked near the left sideline. 四号位进攻。

free ball
n. 1. a slow, arcing shot, allowing an easy pass and a good attack by the receiving team. -interj. 2. an exclamation made by a player to inform his teammates that they will receive a free ball. 毫无威胁的进攻扣球,能够让防守一方组织防反。

front
v. to position oneself, in order to block, in front of the attacker's arm. 上前。

front-row
n. the three players whose court position, according to the official scorekeeper, is near the net.前排。

front slide
n. a quick slide in front of the setter. 前快。

game plan
n. the team's offensive and defensive emphases for a particular opponent, usually organized by rotation.整体战术布置和计划。

glide
n. a long, smooth run that precedes a spike. 扣球的助跑。

hit
n., v. spike. 扣球。

hitter
n. an attacker. 扣球手。

hut
n. a medium-height set on the left sideline; the term originated from the hitter's mid-rally call to his setter. 2.5传球(四号位);集中战术。

inside
n. toward the center of the net. 向网中间移动。

inside the block
n. a ball that has been attacked in the cross-court angle so that it passes by the block nearest the center of the court. 大斜线扣球,穿过拦网队员的手落在对方场地中心。

J stroke
n. A modified forearm pass technique where the thumbs are turned up and the elbows are bent, forming a "J". This technique is used to dig hard-hit balls and balls played close to the net.J型传球(大拇指用力,手臂弯曲,用于上手接大力扣球或调整近网球。)

jump serve
n. a serve in which the player jumps and attacks the ball as in spiking.跳发球。

jump set
n. a set executed while the setter is in the air. 跳传。

junk
n. Slang for off-speed shots, balls intentionally hit off the block, and deflected shots that do not travel in expected paths or to anticipated locations. 扣球失误(球碰网力量减缓,或偏斜出原本线路,没有落在原来预期的落点上。)

kill
n. an attacked ball that strikes the floor or lands out of bounds after touching an opponent.扣球成功(球直接落入对方场地或打手出界)。

kill efficiency
n. attack percentage.扣球成功率。

knuckler
n. an emergency one-hand technique used to play a ball close to the face and tight to the net. The fingers are curled at the second knuckle and the hand is cocked back. The ball is actually contacted on the heel of the hand. 单手调整传球(手指在第二个关节弯曲,在球的斜侧击球)。

left-stack
n. a commit-block scheme in which the left starts behind the middle in order to follow the crossing attacker. 四号位队员有计划的向三号位移动以跟随插上的进攻手。

lift
n. an illegal contact, resulting when the ball is in contact with the player for too long. 持球。

line shot
n. a straight-ahead, sideline attack.直线球。

lineup
n. the players' serving order, which reflects their starting locations on the court. 首发阵容(队员站位轮次)。

load
n. to arrange the blockers so that the team's most effective blocker confronts the opponents' most effective attacker.强轮对强轮(安排自己队最好的拦网手面对对方最好的扣球手)。

middle
n. either the middle-front or middle-back player. 三号位或三号位的拦网队员。

midline
n. an imaginary line drawn equidistant from the sidelines, that is, lengthwise, on the court; an imaginary line drawn vertically on the player's body that divides it into comparable left and right parts. 虚拟的中线(把场地左右分成均衡的两部分,线垂于队员的身体)。

multiple-attack
n. an offense consisting of plays in which two or more players attack at different places on the net at different times. 多点进攻。

net block
v. slang describing when a blocker places his hands, palms forward, against the net to deflect a ball that has been passed into the net by the opponents. 探头拦网(拦对方一传过网的球)。

off-blocker
n. the outside blocker not included in the double block. 双人拦网之外的拦网手。

off-hand
n. a set delivered from the left side of the right-handed attacker and vice-versa. 传球错位(右手队员被迫使用左手扣球,反之亦然)。

off-speed shot
n. any ball spiked with less than maximum force but with spin. vice-versa. 速度慢而带有旋转的扣球,多用于调整扣球。

on help
n. a player's defensive floor position and body posture that allows him or her to play an attacked ball in front of him and toward his teammates.防守队员利用良好的站位以及手型防起对方重扣,给同伴创造反攻机会。

one
n. a low, quick set that is attacked either directly in front of, or behind, the setter. 前快或背快传球。

one-footed slide
n. an approach to attack that includes a one-footed jump long the net.一步助跑起跳扣球。

on-hand
n. a set delivered from the right side of the right-handed spiker and vice-versa. 传球到位(右手队员使用右手扣球,反之亦然)。

open-handed tip
n., v. tip.单手调整传球。

open up
n. to step away from, and face, the ball's path in receiving serve.正面迎球的接发球。

opposite
n. three positions away in the line-up; the player opposite the setter. 打对角。

outside
n. toward the sideline. 向边线移动。

outside-in
n. defending, either at the net or in the backcourt, from the sideline to the interior of the court. 从场地两边向中间移动。

overlap
n. a foul in which one player is out of position in relation to another player (defined by player's foot placement) when the ball is served. 同伴发球时站位轮次错误。

overhead pass
n. a ball-handling skill using both hands simultaneously to contact the ball above the head and direct it to the intended target.双手头顶传球。

overpass
n. a ball that is passed across the net. 接球直接过网。

overset
n. a ball that is set across the net. 传球直接过网。

pace
n. the overall rhythm of the team or of a player.始终的节奏(一位队员或一支球队打球的节奏)。

pancake
n. a one-handed defensive technique in which the player flattens his hand against the floor in order to save the ball.单手前扑救球。

pass
n. the first contact of a served ball; a forearm pass. 一传。

pepper
n. a (usually) warm-up drill in which two players pass, set, and hit the ball back and forth.双人(热身时)对打的练习。

perimeter
n. a backcourt defense in which four players arrange themselves near the boundaries of the court. 马蹄形防守战术。

pike
n. to bend forward at the waist so that both the torso and the legs are in front of the hips.身体向前弯曲。

play
n. an attack with a planned fake, usually including two or more hitters; a combination. 战术进攻,有掩护的进攻。

play-set
n. a medium-height set usually near the middle of the court that, when combined with a quick set, constitutes a play. 三号位2.5的传球(在组织战术进攻时)。

point
n. a front-row position in the serve-receive formation; the unit of scoring. 得分,在发球接发球阵型时前排的一个位置。

point of contact
n. the place on the court or along the net at which the ball is contacted. 接触球的位置。

post
n. the standard that supports the net.球网柱子。

posture
n. body position while performing a skill.完成某一项技术时身体的姿势。

precontact position
n. the floor location arrived at and the body positioning assumed before the ball arrives.球落地前的预判移动。

pump
n. a play in which an attacker fakes spiking a quick set and then spikes, at the same location, a medium-height set. 时间差。

push
n. to lengthen a set; an attack where the player pistons their arm rather than swinging, "pushing" the ball across the net; an illegal lift. 延长比赛,持球。

quick
n. a low, fast, inside set. 快速传球。

quick/shoot
n. a play that includes both a quick set and a shoot set.有快球和强攻的进攻。

quick slide
n. a quick attack that includes a two-footed takeoff and a broad jump along the net. 飞(位置差)。

rally
n. One series of play, from the service until the ball is dead. 一个球,一分球,从发球到成死球。

read
n. to determine what event will take place before it occurs; a blocking scheme in which the front-row players watch the setter in order to determine where to block; a backcourt defensive scheme based on all players reading their opponents and their teammates. 预判对方的进攻战术,看对方二传的动作来判断球的走向和战术以组织拦网,后场六人防守。

ready position
n. the flexed, yet comfortable posture a player assumes before moving to the point of contact.队员接触球前的准备动作。

rebound angle
n. angle of the contact surface of the body at the moment of ball contact, commonly refers to forearm passing and hand position in blocking. 球被拦后的反弹角度。

reception error
n. a service reception error. 接发球失误。

release
n. a high set, usually delivered to the left sideline, that serves as an outlet when the play goes awry; a block pattern in which an outside blocker fronts the quick hitter as the middle double blocks on the sideline; the action of the ball leaving the setter's hands; the action of the setter moving towards the net.四号位高拉开的强攻,四号位队员向对方快球队员移动和三号位的队员组成双人拦网的拦网形式,二传移动的动作。

reverse
n. a combination in which the usual quick hitter attacks a play-set and the usual play-set hitter attacks a quick set. 三号位副攻手扣2.5高球而二号位接应二传手掩护扣快球。

reverse bump
n. a desperation ball-handling technique sometimes necessary but seldom encouraged. It occurs when a player brings the hands together in front of the face, elbows bent. The ball is contacted in front of the face on the back of the forearms. 一个铤而走险的二传动作,一般很少使用。在队员的双手一起在脸前时,双臂弯曲,在脸前,前臂的后部接触球。

right-stack
n. a commit-block scheme in which the right starts behind the middle in order to follow the crossing attacker. 四号位队员向三号位移动跟随对方插上的队员的拦网战术。

roll shot
n. a ball cleanly hit with the heel or palm of the hand. 手掌击球。

rotate
n. to advance on position in the line-up; a backcourt defense in which the line defender moves near the block and the middle-back moves behind the line defender. 轮次轮转。

rotation
n. the players' locations on the court, according to the scorer. 轮次轮转。

safety
n. a planned change in the blocking scheme used when the team confronts an attack it cannot cover.安全的拦网(当拦网队员不能触碰对方的扣球)。

scoop
n. slang referring to the J stroke. The ball is played with the hands clasped together, the thumbs parallel and pointed up, and the elbows bent.J型传球。

seam
n. the mid-point between two players.两个队员的中间空档。

serve
n. one of the six basic skills, used to put the ball in play. It is the only skill controlled exclusively by one player.发球。

serve receive
n. the tactical skill of directing the opponent's serve to the setter so that he or she can set. Forearm passing is the most common technical skill used to serve receive. 接发球。

service ace
n. a serve that hits the floor or causes the serve-receiver to misplay the ball in such a manner that another player cannot make a second contact.发球直接得分(发球直接落入对方场地或对方队员接发球失误)。

service error
n. charged when the serve touches the net, fails to clear the net, lands out of bounds, touches the antenna, or the server is called for a line violation, delay of service, or rotational fault.发球失误(发球不过网,或出界,或碰到标志杆等)。

service reception error
n. charged when the serve strikes the floor untouched, no teammate is able to make a second hit, or the player is called for an illegal contact.接发球失误(直接把球垫飞或未触及球)。

set
n., v. the tactical skill in which a ball is directed to a point where a player can spike it into the opponent's court. Overhead passing is the most common technical skill used to set. 比赛中的一局;二传传球的动作。

shag
v. to retrieve balls that have been played, missed, or terminated in a drill and returning them to the leader of the drill.追分(当比赛落后时)。

shot
n. any directed individual attack attempt. 单人进攻,强攻(没有队友掩护)。

side-out
n. occurs when the receiving team successfully puts the ball to the floor against the serving team, or when the serving team commits an unforced error, and the receiving team thus gains the right to serve.交换发球权,发球得分制。(目前不使用)。

skill
n. the coordinated, effective function required by a specific motor task.技术。

skip step
n. resembles a hop. The feet are moved simultaneously from one position to a new balanced position. Primarily used to describe a common footwork pattern in ball handling.位置移动(首先用来描述触球时的步伐移动)。

specialize
n. to concentrate efforts on one part of the game. 特长,在某一方面特别突出。

spike
n., v. to hit the ball forcefully into the opponents' court.扣球。

spike coverage
n. players on the attacking team assume low ready positions around their attacker in order to to retrieve rebounds from the opposing blockers.扣球后的自我保护。

spiker
n. the attacker. 扣球手。

split block
n. a double block that leaves a space between its blockers. 两臂间有空隙的双人拦网。

shadow of the block
n. the area behind the block into which the opposing spikers cannot hit the ball hard. 拦网覆盖的范围。

shallow
n. near the net.近网的。

shank
n. a severely misdirected forearm pass.严重错方向的传球。

shoot
n. a low, fast set to an attacker who is away from the setter.平拉开。

shuffle
n. a footwork pattern in which the feet do not cross each other, used to cover short distances. 短距离移动的步伐。

sidespin
n. the resulting movement of the ball when spin is imparted in the horizontal plane, usually due to striking the ball off-center, causing the ball to follow a somewhat sideways path. 侧旋球。

slide
n. an attack approach that includes a last moment move along the net. 扣球手扣球之前移动后的扣球线路。

soft block
n. a technique in which the blocker angles his hands backward in order to deflect the ball and slow its speed. 有效拦网(拦网时控制手型使球减力进入本方场地)。


stack-man
n. a commit-block scheme in which the follower is assigned to block one attacker only.一对一拦网战术(一名队员只负责拦对方一名队员)。

stack-read
n. a commit-block scheme in which the follower determines, by reading the setterm whom he blocks.预判拦网(一名队员根据对方扣球前的动作预判球的线路以控制拦网起跳的时间和手型)。

step-around
n. a one-footed slide in which the attacker moves around the setter.扣球手在二传手周围一个身位扣球。

step-in
n. a one-footed slide in which the attacker moves toward the setter. 扣球手在二传手前一个身位扣球。

step-out
n. a one-footed slide in which the attacker moves away from the setter.扣球手跑动后在离二传手一个身位处扣球。

stuff
v. to block the ball to the floor.拦网直接得分。

stuff block
n. a ball that has been blocked to the floor. 被直接拦网得分的球。

swing
n. to move from one sideline to the other, usually in approaching to attack; a type of offense that uses the swing approach. 穿插跑动(从场地一边到另一边)。

switch
n. to change positions on the court. 换位。

tandem
n. a combination in which one player attacks immediately behind another.梯次进攻。

tape
n. the top of the net. 网的最上端。

target
n. the player who is intended to receive the ball in any given play. The target can be the setter who is in the correct court position, an opponent who is designated to receive a serve, or a spiker who is waiting to receive a set. 目标。

target area
n. the court position where the target players should be. 控制区域,目标区域。

technique
n. the mechanics of a skill. 技术。

telegraph
n. to show one's intention to the opponents. 暴露意图。

terminal attack
n. a spike or tip that has been successfully executed so that it is unplayable by the defensive team. 成功率把握极高的进攻,对方无法防守。

terminal contacts
n. contacts which lead directly to points or side-outs for the contacting team. kills, and ace serves are all terminal contacts. An unforced error such as a net violation is also considered terminal. 一攻进攻成功,直接得分。

three
n. a shoot that is attacked between the setter and the left sideline.在二传手和三号位队员之间2.5扣球。

throw
n. a lift, usually characterized by a throwing motion. 持球(包括捞球)。

tip
n. 1. one-handed placement or redirection of the ball with the fingers -v. 2. to place or redirect the ball with the fingers of one hand.单手调整传球。

tomahawk
n. descriptive slang for a reverse bump. 见reverse bump。

topspin
n. the resulting movement of the ball when spin is imparted in the vertical plane in a forward direction, usually due to striking the ball and following through by snapping the wrist. A ball with topspin will drop faster than a ball with little or no spin. 上旋球。

toss
n. 1. a skill used to initiate the contact of service. 2. a skill used to duplicate the dynamics and trajectory of a pass, serve, or set during a drill. Both hands should be used to impart less spin on the ball.双手用力传出不带旋转的,力量角度恰到好处的球。

touch
n. 1. a player contacting the ball. -interj. 2. an exclamation made by a blocker to inform his backcourt defenders that he has contacted the ball.触球。

touch block
n. a control block. 有效拦网。

trajectory
n. the curve the ball takes on its path from one player to another. 球运行的轨迹。

transition
n. the change from defense to offense. 攻防转换。

trap
n. 1. a set close to the net that gives the blocker the advantage. -v. 2. to concentrate the block on one hitter, ignoring another.近网的传球,容易导致球被拦,使得拦网集中在一名球员身上。

triple-block
n. a block formed by three players.三人集体拦网。

two
n. a medium-height set that is usually attacked near the center of the net. See also play-set.三号位2.5扣球。

underhand serve
n. a serving technique in which the ball is contacted at about waist height by the serving hand.下手发球(勾手飘球)。

unforced error
n. an error committed by a player that is unrelated to the opponent's play. Touching the net, stepping over the center line, and serving into the net are examples of unforced errors. 非受迫性失误。

veer
v. to change direction sharply during a spike approach, see also break.进攻线路突然改变。

wing
n. the player located on the extreme right or left of the formation. 阵型最旁边的运动员。

W
n. a serve-receive formation with three players in the front row, two in the back (in the shape of a "W"). W型接发球战术。

X
n. a cross in which the middle attacks a front one and the right attacks a two to the left of the middle.交叉进攻。

X series
See 51X. See 51X.

zone block
n. when the blockers take away a significant portion of the defensive back court in which the opposing spiker can hit by being in good blocking position relative to the opposing spiker.拦网时最有利的位置。

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